Mexico is a burgeoning, politically stable emerging market. The country experienced steady GDP growth – 3.3 per cent per year on average – from
2010 onwards and the OECD anticipates 4 per cent growth for 2015.
Mexico and the UK have significant historical links: Britain was one of the first large European countries to recognise Mexico’s independence in 1810. Today, Mexico offers many opportunities for British businesses in sectors including healthcare, retail, infrastructure, aerospace and energy. Many large British companies are already operating in Mexico and in 2011, trade between
the UK and Mexico was valued at US$ 12.2 billion.
Sources: DHL, CIA World Factbook, GOV.UK, OECD, UKTI, World Bank
For more detailed information when trading with Mexico, download our Mexico Fact Sheet.
Read more detailed
information about Mexico
Gateways into the Country: 11
Number of Service Centres: 72
DHL Delivery Zone: 7
Vehicle Fleet: 2,053
|Mexico: Country Profile|
|Capital:||Mexico City||EXPORTS FROM MEXICO|
|Population:||120.3 million||Exports from
|US$ 406.4 billion (2014 est.)|
|Area:||1,964,375 sq km||Export Commodities:||Manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruit, vegetables, coffee, cotton|
|Currency:||1 Mexican peso (MXN) = 100 centavo||Top Export Destinations:||Germany, USA, Peru, South Korea, Canada, Colombia, Japan,|
|GDP:||US$ 2.143 trillion (2014 est.)||IMPORTS INTO MEXICO|
|Time Zones:||UTC -5||Imports into
|US$ 407.1 billion (2014 est.)|
|Languages:||Spanish, indigenous languages||Import Commodities:||Metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, automobile parts for assembly and repair, aircraft, aircraft parts|
|Top Import Origins:||Germany, USA, China, Brazil, Italy, France, Colombia|
|The times provided for
are based on the time
expected for Customs
in Mexico to clear
the shipment. This is
contingent upon the
value of the shipment.
|Destination||Non-Dutiable Shipment||Dutiable Shipment|
|Mexico City||3 days||4 days|
|Merida||4 days||5 days|
|Guadalajara||3 days||4 days|
|Hermosillo||4 days||5 days|
|Monterrey||4 days||5 days|
All goods shipments to Mexico must be accompanied by originals and copies of the Customs documentation. The weight stated on the Waybill must be the net weight and must be accurate, or the shipment will be returned to origin. Original EUR1 certificates must be included with shipments where applicable.
Negotiable documents >US$ 10,000: declare through Value Declaration form or the items can be confiscated and retained by Mexico Customs until the receiver pays the fine. Sender must state complete description of contents on Waybill, the draft or invoice amount so DHL can complete and submit Declaration of Internment or Extraction of Quantities in cash and/or Documents for Charging. Document shipments exceeding 50 kg must be sent as goods.
Shipments can only be delivered under Incoterm Delivery Duty Paid (DDP) when marked from origin on Waybill. DDP service does not apply with an external broker clearance. Temporary imports: submit a letter of advice to Mexico’s Ministry of Finance (SHCP SHCP.gob.mx) before clearance. Packing materials (boxes, palettes, etc.) must be accompanied by an Origin Certificate of Fumigation.
For selected items, the importer must provide the relevant Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM), Mexico’s standards and regulation codes. Approval may also be required from government bodies including Mexico’s Ministry of Agriculture (SAGARPA sagarpa.gob.mx), Mexico’s Department of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT semarnat.gob.mx), Mexico’s Ministry of Economy (SE economia.gob.mx) and Mexico’s Ministry of Health (SSA salud.gob.mx). For further details on where NOM and approval is required, see the ‘Restricted Items’ section.
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco Advertising brochures/pamphlets, airline tickets, blank stock (NI), blank forms, catalogues, diplomatic mail, newspapers
≤ 25 items: send as documents; otherwise send as goods.
Receiver to obtain authorisation labels for alcoholic beverages from SE. Duties (Regulation duty/IEPS) & taxes of up to 140.67% could be levied, depending on alcohol grain. Wine: cannot be imported as a gift, regardless of the quantity.
Animal products including animal skins, plants and plant products including grain samples, seeds (including cotton seeds), tea
Receiver to provide agricultural permit from SAGARPA.
Edible pork, poultry or bovine products: provide sanitary requirements sheet from SAGARPA.
Sea products: provide health permit from SSA.
Animal products: formal import required (cannot be handled as samples).
Animal skins: receiver to provide passport with immigration stamp/visa, airline ticket or boarding pass (not older than 6 months).
Artwork including drawings / proofs / layouts, photos as part of business reports, architectural or industrial plans / drawings
Copies: send as documents.
Originals: send as goods.
Booklets, brochures (non-advertising), calendars, charts/graphs, pamphlets
≤ 10 items: send as documents; otherwise send as goods.
Bunker oil samples (for analysis), coal & firewood, cologne & perfume, cotton, chemicals & liquids (non-hazardous), isopropanol, soil samples, stone / mineral samples (for analysis), substances containing sodium / calcium cyclamate, yarn
Sender to provide a technical letter describing the product, including its composition, specific use, chemical properties, name and title of authorised person signing letter. Further requirements are determined by the items’ Commodity Codes.
Liquids (including cologne & perfume), powder and gas merchandise: formal import required – provide import license; clearance must be provided by an authorised broker. Provide a chemical letter with chemical formulae and contents.
CDs & laser discs, electronic equipment and games, films (entertainment, promotional, training), fire extinguishers, industrial equipment, telecommunications equipment, televisions, television equipment, wallpaper, sports equipment, phones / modems, measuring apparatus, mobile phones (including accessories and components), radar equipment (including transmitters & receivers)
For resale: provide NOM. Not for resale: receiver to provide Letter of Non-commercialisation; goods must be labelled according to the corresponding NOM. Mobile phones ≥ 3 pieces: sender to provide a brand use letter. Check if the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls (wassenaar.org) applies.
Clothes & products with a registered brand (mark)
Sender to provide a brand use letter.
New clothes (not personal effects): pay proper duties & taxes as per Commodity Codes and Country of Origin requirements.
Coffee & coffee samples
Toasted coffee beans and granulated coffee: provide agricultural permit from SAGARPA. Soluble coffee: ≤ 3 100 g containers. Duties & taxes up to 101% could be levied. Must be formally imported.
Computer components & parts
Only new, otherwise prohibited.
Circuits and circuit boards: provide Commercial Invoice with breakdown values.
Computer printouts, computer generated shipping manifests
≤ 10 kg (22 lb.): send as documents; otherwise send as goods.
Cosmetics, prescription & non-prescription drugs, eye glasses and contacts, medical samples
Receiver to obtain Import Sanitary Permit from SSA. Shipper should attach a free sale or sanitary certificate. Duties & taxes up to 87.9% could be levied.
Prohibited drugs receiver to provide a health/sanitary permit.
Chemicals – personal imports: receiver to provide a description through a chemical letter.
Credit cards (NI)
Embossed/printed, sent to the end user, not activated, ≥10 cards: send as documents; otherwise send as goods.
Fabrics, including fabric & textile samples and swatches
Sample items: mutilate in a visible part and mark as ‘SAMPLE’ with indelible ink/paint. Value limit for each sample: US$ 1. Describe as ‘COMMERCIAL SAMPLE NOT FOR RESALE’ on the Commercial Invoice.
Send in original packaging with original labels. Receiver may be required to provide a health permit from SSA.
Chocolates/candies: import as gifts if weight <1 kg and the items are presented in individual/for sale packaging; otherwise receiver to provide a sugar content letter.
Provide physosanitary permit.
Household materials (menaje de casa), personal effects
Receiver to provide passport with immigration stamp/visa, airline ticket or boarding pass (not older than 6 months). Receiver to provide FM3 form and detailed list of items in a letter stamped by the consulate/embassy from the country of origin; airline ticket or boarding pass; passport with the entrance stamp to Mexico.
Jewellery, including costume jewellery
Sender to provide Commercial Invoice with breakdown values and country of origin.
Jewellery: max 3 pieces; costume jewellery: max 20 pieces – or importer’s license will be required. If not for resale: provide insurance and label for regulation NOM-50 or Letter of Non-commercialisation. Comply with Mexico’s anti money laundering laws.
Leather goods and textile articles, including shoes
Value ≥ +USD 1,000: list country of manufacture/origin on Commercial Invoice and Certificate of Origin (if applicable). Commercial Invoice must include manufacturer’s name/address and breakdown values of non-GATT components. Certificate of Origin must be legalised in country of manufacture. Goods must be labelled in Spanish. Include a technical letter with the product description.
Shoes (unused): receiver to provide passport (with immigration stamp) or visa and airline ticket or boarding pass (not older than 6 months).
Shoes (used): receiver to provide a permit from SE.
Shoe samples: only send single shoes; these must be marked or mutilated (through the bottom sole part of the shoe).
Medical/dental supplies & equipment
Receiver to provide health permit from SSA.
Receiver to provide permit from SEMARNAT.
Liquids, powders and gases: formal import required (no exceptions).
Hazardous materials: must be accompanied by an MSDS sheet and must be imported formally with an import license and an authorised broker for clearance.
Send as goods.
≥25 items: send as goods.
Formal Import required – duties & taxes up to 170% could be levied.
Provide Certificate of Origin and sticker NOM-50 or Letter of Non-commercialization.
Toys for children under 3 years old/toys with human figures: receiver to provide sanitary permit from SSA.
For x-ray machines please contact DHL Customs Services before shipping.