TIn the north of the region, G7 members USA and Canada are two of the world’s largest and most powerful economies. The countries have strong political, economic and cultural connections to the UK; the UK is Canada’s second-biggest trade partner with £15.1 billion in bilateral trade in 2012, and UK-US trade is worth more than £130 million per year. Trade between the countries is projected to grow further as negotiations for EU-USA and EU-Canada Free Trade Agreements – TIPP and CETA – are underway.
Through the North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA, the US and Canada’s markets are connected to Mexico – a country set to close its income gap with the USA and have a GDP per capita comparable to Japan or Germany by 2050.
The western hemisphere is also home to some of the most powerful and promising emerging markets in Latin America and the Caribbean region.
The economic potential of Latin America’s largest economy, Brazil, has been recognised at least since 2001 when Goldman Sachs identified the country as a key economic powerhouse of the future together with Russia, India and China: the BRIC nations. Building on increased political stability, Latin American economies such as Colombia, Peru and Chile are also flourishing.
All in all, the countries of the Americas are moving towards closer cooperation. Regional trade agreements and blocs tie together North America, the Caribbean, Central America as well as the Andean and Pacific countries of the Americas. Negotiations are underway to unite existing blocs to form larger alliances. Most Pacific countries of the Americas are also part of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, which promotes free trade across the Pacific Rim area.
Moving forward, the countries of the Americas will continue to work together to address a range of challenges such as driving sustainable environmental resource management as well as combatting drug trade and corruption. These measures will ensure that the Americas region continues to fulfill its social and economic potential.
Sources: Brookings Institution, The Economist, GOV.UK, HSBC, McKinsey Global Institute, OECD, UKTI
DHL has expert knowledge of shipping in the Americas: the company pioneered the international air express industry in 1969 by flying cargo documents from San Francisco to Hawaii to expedite clearance.
DHL Express recognised the importance of investing in the Americas beyond the USA early on. Today, DHL Express Americas has a broad and extensive network throughout the region with 15,000 employees and handles more than 30 million shipments each year. In addition to implementing improvements at DHL’s global hub in Cincinnati, Ohio, which were completed in 2013, DHL also upgraded its 140,000-square-foot hub at Miami International Airport – a critical conduit for trade with Latin America and the Caribbean. DHL has also recently expanded hubs in Mexico City and Colombia and established new distribution and operations centres in Chile and Mexico. Together, these investments will make it even easier for the countries in the Americas to trade with each other as well as the rest of the world.