Turkey is under negotiations to join the EU. More than 2,500 UK companies currently have operations in Turkey and in 2010, Turkey and the UK signed a Strategic Partnership initiative for bilateral trade to reach £12 billion by 2015.
Sources: European Commission, GOV.UK, OECD, UKTI, World Bank
For more detailed information when trading with Turkey, download our Turkey Fact Sheet.
Read more detailed
information about Turkey
Gateways into the Country: 3
Number of Service Centres: 13
DHL Delivery Zone: 5
Vehicle Fleet: 954
|Turkey: Country Profile|
|Capital:||Ankara||EXPORTS FROM TURKEY|
|Population:||81.6 million||Exports from
|US$ 167.6 billion (2013 est.)|
|Area:||783,562 sq km||Export Commodities:||Apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment|
|Currency:||1 Turkish lira (TRY) = 100 kurus||Top Export Destinations:||USA, Romania, Germany, UK, Switzerland, UAE, Belgium, Italy, Hong Kong, Spain, France, Netherlands, Egypt, Sweden|
|GDP:||US$ 1.167 trillion (2013 est.)||IMPORTS INTO TURKEY|
|Time Zones:||UTC +02:00||Imports into
|US$ 242.9 billion (2013 est.)|
|Languages:||Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages||Import Commodities:||Machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment|
|Ethnic Groups:||Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12%||Top Import Origins:||China, Slovakia, Germany, Romania, Switzerland, Hong Kong, Italy, Belgium, USA, UK, Netherlands, Sweden|
|The times provided for
are based on the time
expected for Customs
in Turkey to clear
the shipment. This is
contingent upon the
value of the shipment.
|Destination||Non-Dutiable Shipment||Dutiable Shipment|
|Ankara||3 days||3 days|
|Adana||3 days||3 days|
|Antalya||3 days||3 days|
|Bursa||3 days||3 days|
|Istanbul||2 days||2 days|
Ensure the actual value, weight and description of the shipment is clearly stated on all shipment paperwork (Waybill, invoice, ATR, EUR1 certificate, etc.) with no discrepancies in data. Also note the receiver's Tax ID / Turkish citizenship ID in the shipping paperwork to prevent possible delivery delays. Write ‘Free of charge’ on invoices for non-commercial shipments.
Formal exports are subject to Customs administrative fee, export bonded warehouse fee and brokerage fee. Formal imports are subject to additional Special Clearance Service charges (bonded warehouse fee, brokerage fee, transit under-bond fee, multi-line entry, document handling, proof of clearance, etc.).
Used, renovated, old model goods: in addition to item restrictions, special import permit from Under-secretary of Turkish Foreign Trade is required (spare parts and cards are not allowed).
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco
Do not send to private individuals. Obtain permission from Turkey’s Monopoly.
Artwork including drawings /
proofs / layouts
Importer/receiver to provide approval letter from the authorised museum in Turkey.
Annual reports, blank forms,
charts / graphs, computer print-outs, general business documents,
general business, music (printed
or manuscript), photographs,
technical manuals and transparencies
Max quantity: 100 pieces per shipment.
Books for non-commercial use (hardback / paperback), deeds, personal mail, money orders NI), photos as part of business reports, visa applications
Max quantity: 10 pieces per shipment.
Brochures / booklets / pamphlets (advertising and non-advertising),
airline tickets, business cards, cheques.
Max quantity: 500 pieces per shipment.
Diaries, invoices (not blank),
price lists, shipping schedules & computer-generated ship manifests
Max quantity: 50 pieces per shipment.
Ceramic / porcelain kitchenware
Provide authorisation from Turkey’s Ministry of Agriculture.
Coffee, cologne & perfume,
cosmetics, foodstuffs, plant products including tea
Provide Sanitary Certificate from origin. Receiver must provide local approval from Ministry of Health and obtain permit from Ministry of Agriculture. Foodstuffs sent to private individuals must be recognised for personal use by Turkey Customs. Cosmetics and dietary supplements cannot be sent to private individuals.
Computer components & parts, measuring apparatus and medical /dental supplies & equipment, phones / modems including mobile phones, accessories & components and toys
Items will generally need to bear the CE mark. If the origin country is an EU member: provide ATR; if not: provide Declaration of Conformity to CE. Computer components and parts: Provide maintenance certificate. Measuring apparatus and medical/dental supplies & equipment: provide EMC test reports and manuals. Medical apparatus: receiver to provide local Measurement Institute Report. Telecommunications equipment: Provide maintenance certificate and permit from Turkey’s Ministry of Communications. Toys provide permission from Turkey’s Under-Secretariat of Foreign Trade.
List software value separately on invoice. Turkey Customs may require copyright approval.
Credit cards (NI)
Send as goods.
If value exceeds €75: formal clearance required. Send invoice with shipment. If sent as documents (up to 30 kg per piece and 150 kg per shipment), the receiver mission can complete formal clearance using a ‘courier letter’.
Drugs: prescription & non-prescription
For personal use: provide prescription and health report from government hospital. For commercial quantities: sender and receiver to provide Sanitary Certificate.
Only models produced in current year can be cleared; used/renovated/old model items require special permission from the importer’s Ministry of Industry.
Glass kitchenware: receiver must provide approval from Turkey’s Ministry of Health and permission from Turkey’s Standards Institute. Goods >100 kg can only be cleared by dedicated Customs administration.
Receiver to provide authorisation from Turkey’s Ministry of Health and Ministry of Agriculture.
Temporary import permitted; licence agreement required.
Subject to formal clearance. Obtain authorisation from General Command of Mapping Turkey.
Send as document. Enclose a packing slip with full details of each passport.
Technical drawings / layouts
Max quantity: 1 piece.
Textile articles, including samples
If origin country is an EU member: include ATR certificate. If origin country is an EFTA member: include EUR 1 certificate. Other origin countries: include Certificate of Origin. Provide Quota Certificate for textiles sent from specific countries. Yarns/fabrics/ribbons: provide invoice with dimensions, quantity, components as percentages, component types. Some articles are subject to temporary import (labels, zippers, etc.). Contact DHL Customer Services for further information.
For ivory, leather goods, seeds, personal effects, used mobile phones and x-ray machines please contact DHL Customs Services before shipping.