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DHL Guide > Export to Turkey

Export to Turkey

Export-to-Turkey

Turkey is currently the world’s 18th largest economy, with the potential to reach 12th place by 2050. Though only 5 per cent of Turkey is in Europe, the country is considered Europe’s sixth largest economy and one of the fastest-growing markets in both Europe and the OECD.

Turkey is under negotiations to join the EU. More than 2,500 UK companies currently have operations in Turkey and in 2010, Turkey and the UK signed a Strategic Partnership initiative for bilateral trade to reach £12 billion by 2015.

Sources: European Commission, GOV.UK, OECD, UKTI, World Bank

For more detailed information when trading with Turkey, download our Turkey Fact Sheet.

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Turkey Fact Sheet (2 MB)

Read more detailed
information about Turkey

DHL Facts

Locations: 81

Gateways into the Country: 3

Number of Service Centres: 13

DHL Delivery Zone: 5

Vehicle Fleet: 954

Turkey: Country Profile
Capital: Ankara EXPORTS FROM TURKEY
Population: 81.6 million Exports from
Turkey:
US$ 167.6 billion (2013 est.)
Area: 783,562 sq km Export Commodities: Apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
Currency: 1 Turkish lira (TRY) = 100 kurus Top Export Destinations: USA, Romania, Germany, UK, Switzerland, UAE, Belgium, Italy, Hong Kong, Spain, France, Netherlands, Egypt, Sweden
GDP: US$ 1.167 trillion (2013 est.) IMPORTS INTO TURKEY
Time Zones: UTC +02:00 Imports into
Turkey:
US$ 242.9 billion (2013 est.)
Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages Import Commodities: Machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment
Ethnic Groups: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% Top Import Origins: China, Slovakia, Germany, Romania, Switzerland, Hong Kong, Italy, Belgium, USA, UK, Netherlands, Sweden
Transit Times
The times provided for
dutiable shipments
are based on the time
expected for Customs
in Turkey to clear
the shipment. This is
contingent upon the
value of the shipment.
Destination Non-Dutiable Shipment Dutiable Shipment
Ankara 3 days 3 days
Adana 3 days 3 days
Antalya 3 days 3 days
Bursa 3 days 3 days
Istanbul 2 days 2 days
  • Further Information

    DHL can assist you with trading with Turkey. Contact the DHL team on 0844 248 0675

    DHL Customer Services is also available on 0844 248 0844

    Calls to DHL UK phone numbers beginning ‘084’ cost 7 pence per minute, plus your phone company’s

  • Duty Free Allowance

    Values up to €75

Essential Customs Information

For an estimate of landed costs (duties, taxes and other import fees) for shipments going to Turkey use the free and interactive DHL Express Trade Automation Services (TAS) tool, tas.dhl.com. TAS also provides information on regulations compliance and trade documentation.

Ensure the actual value, weight and description of the shipment is clearly stated on all shipment paperwork (Waybill, invoice, ATR, EUR1 certificate, etc.) with no discrepancies in data. Also note the receiver's Tax ID / Turkish citizenship ID in the shipping paperwork to prevent possible delivery delays. Write ‘Free of charge’ on invoices for non-commercial shipments.

Formal exports are subject to Customs administrative fee, export bonded warehouse fee and brokerage fee. Formal imports are subject to additional Special Clearance Service charges (bonded warehouse fee, brokerage fee, transit under-bond fee, multi-line entry, document handling, proof of clearance, etc.).

Used, renovated, old model goods: in addition to item restrictions, special import permit from Under-secretary of Turkish Foreign Trade is required (spare parts and cards are not allowed).


Prohibited items specific to Turkey:

The list below is in addition to DHL’s standard list of prohibited items.

  • Antiques & Jewellery
  • Asbestos
  • Dangerous goods, hazardous or combustible materials
  • Electronic cigarettes
  • Firearms, or parts of
  • Furs
  • Gambling devices
  • Invoices, blank
  • New mobile phones sent to private individuals
  • Pornography
  • Precious metals & stones

Restricted items specific to Turkey:

Alcoholic beverages and tobacco
Do not send to private individuals. Obtain permission from Turkey’s Monopoly.


Artwork including drawings / proofs / layouts
Importer/receiver to provide approval letter from the authorised museum in Turkey.


Annual reports, blank forms, charts / graphs, computer print-outs, general business documents, general business, music (printed or manuscript), photographs, technical manuals and transparencies
Max quantity: 100 pieces per shipment.


Books for non-commercial use (hardback / paperback), deeds, personal mail, money orders NI), photos as part of business reports, visa applications
Max quantity: 10 pieces per shipment.


Brochures / booklets / pamphlets (advertising and non-advertising), airline tickets, business cards, cheques.
Max quantity: 500 pieces per shipment.


Diaries, invoices (not blank), price lists, shipping schedules & computer-generated ship manifests
Max quantity: 50 pieces per shipment.


Ceramic / porcelain kitchenware
Provide authorisation from Turkey’s Ministry of Agriculture.


Coffee, cologne & perfume, cosmetics, foodstuffs, plant products including tea
Provide Sanitary Certificate from origin. Receiver must provide local approval from Ministry of Health and obtain permit from Ministry of Agriculture. Foodstuffs sent to private individuals must be recognised for personal use by Turkey Customs. Cosmetics and dietary supplements cannot be sent to private individuals.


Computer components & parts, measuring apparatus and medical /dental supplies & equipment, phones / modems including mobile phones, accessories & components and toys
Items will generally need to bear the CE mark. If the origin country is an EU member: provide ATR; if not: provide Declaration of Conformity to CE. Computer components and parts: Provide maintenance certificate. Measuring apparatus and medical/dental supplies & equipment: provide EMC test reports and manuals. Medical apparatus: receiver to provide local Measurement Institute Report. Telecommunications equipment: Provide maintenance certificate and permit from Turkey’s Ministry of Communications. Toys provide permission from Turkey’s Under-Secretariat of Foreign Trade.


Computer software
List software value separately on invoice. Turkey Customs may require copyright approval.


Credit cards (NI)
Send as goods.


Diplomatic mail
If value exceeds €75: formal clearance required. Send invoice with shipment. If sent as documents (up to 30 kg per piece and 150 kg per shipment), the receiver mission can complete formal clearance using a ‘courier letter’.


Drugs: prescription & non-prescription
For personal use: provide prescription and health report from government hospital. For commercial quantities: sender and receiver to provide Sanitary Certificate.


Electronic equipment
Only models produced in current year can be cleared; used/renovated/old model items require special permission from the importer’s Ministry of Industry.


Glass products
Glass kitchenware: receiver must provide approval from Turkey’s Ministry of Health and permission from Turkey’s Standards Institute. Goods >100 kg can only be cleared by dedicated Customs administration.


Grain samples
Receiver to provide authorisation from Turkey’s Ministry of Health and Ministry of Agriculture.


Labels
Temporary import permitted; licence agreement required.


Maps
Subject to formal clearance. Obtain authorisation from General Command of Mapping Turkey.


Passports
Send as document. Enclose a packing slip with full details of each passport.


Technical drawings / layouts
Max quantity: 1 piece.


Textile articles, including samples
If origin country is an EU member: include ATR certificate. If origin country is an EFTA member: include EUR 1 certificate. Other origin countries: include Certificate of Origin. Provide Quota Certificate for textiles sent from specific countries. Yarns/fabrics/ribbons: provide invoice with dimensions, quantity, components as percentages, component types. Some articles are subject to temporary import (labels, zippers, etc.). Contact DHL Customer Services for further information.

For ivory, leather goods, seeds, personal effects, used mobile phones and x-ray machines please contact DHL Customs Services before shipping.

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